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A.Word.A.Daywith Anu Garg
guinea pig (GIN-ee pig) noun
1. A small rodent of the genus Cavia.
2. Someone or something used as a subject of experimentation.
[Sense 2 from the fact the guinea pigs were formerly used for experimentation.]
A guinea pig is neither from Guinea (West Africa) nor is it a pig. Rather it's a rodent from South America. Why that name? There's no consensus on how Guinea came into its name though a guinea pig does appear to squeal like a pig. They were earlier used in labs. Nowadays mice and rats have replaced them as subjects of tests and trials even though alternatives to animal testing are usually available.
"We got French make-up artist Coline Jauneau of the Franck Provost
salon in Juhu to give our 17-year-old guinea pig, Delna Indorewalla,
a natural makeover."
"We challenge you to finish that family-size bucket of popcorn while
watching Super Size Me, in which director Morgan Spurlock made
himself a fast-food guinea pig, eating only McDonald's for 30 days
It is not the strongest of the species that survive, nor the most intelligent, but the one most responsive to change. -Charles Darwin, naturalist and author (1809-1882) [THIS QUOTATION IS UNSOURCED.]